Gambling, casinos, slot halls and online casinos in France

Gambling industry in France has a long history. The country contributed to the development of popular casino games. In the 1500s, the Queen was added to the deck of cards, replacing the Nobleman. In the 17th century, the French mathematician Blaise Pascal invented the roulette wheel, which later led to the introduction of the roulette game. In the 19th century, Frenchmen François and Louis Blanc introduced the single 0 style roulette wheel in order to compete against other casinos offering the traditional wheel.

The modern French are a gambling nation. According to the statistics, 39% of French people declared that they gambled sometimes in 2019 (https://www.statista.com/statistics/991184/population-gambling-france/). In 1987, the minimum gambling age in the country was lowered from 21 to 18. In 1988, slots machines, which were previously banned, became legal. In 2010, France legalized online gambling which is supervised by the ARJEL (Regulatory Authority for Online Games).

Laws and Regulators

Decree No. 2008-612 (June, 2008) on the organization of the central administration of the Ministry of the Interior enables the Central Directorate of the Judicial Police to supervise land-based gambling in France. According to the decree, the SCCJ (Service Central des Course et Jeux) within the Central Directorate of the Judicial Police is responsible for the supervision of gambling establishments, racetracks, horse and sports betting and other forms of gambling. The SCCJ ensures the compliance with gambling legislation, regulation of the land-based gambling sector, protection of the players, and the defense of the interests of the State, as well as carries out the administrative inquiries relating to gambling. The SCCJ is composed of four divisions: The Judicial Affairs Division and the Observatory of New Technology Games; the Division of General Surveillance of Casinos and Racetracks; the Racing Division; and the Logistics and Operational Coordination Division.

The Division of General Surveillance of Casinos and Racetracks includes: the “control and studies” section and the “surveillance” section. The “control and studies” section is responsible for the technical and regulatory control of casinos and the handling of cases submitted to the Superior Commission of Games. The “surveillance” section deals with accreditation inquiries or administrative sanctions for staff, as well as ensures compliance with the regulation of games. The Division also participates in reviewing the regulation of gambling in casinos – the Decree of December, 1959, regulating gambling in the resort casinos, and the Interministerial Decree of May, 2007, regulating gambling in casinos (https://www.police-nationale.interieur.gouv.fr/Organisation/Direction-Centrale-de-la-Police-Judiciaire/Service-central-des-courses-et-jeux).

The Law No 2010-476 of May 12, 2010 on the introduction of competition and sector regulation of gambling and online gambling is often referred to as “the French Gambling Act”. It came into force on May 13, 2010 and opened the online gambling market in France, as well as created an official body to regulate the industry – the ARJEL.

The ARJEL is responsible for guiding, regulating and controlling online gambling in France (http://www.arjel.fr/). The ARJEL issues licenses that allow online gambling operators to offer their gambling services to French consumers. The Agency ensures compliance with legal and regulatory obligations and can initiate a sanction procedure against an operator if they are not authorized. The legislative mechanism ensures the protection of players, the security of gaming operations, fighting against illegal websites and money laundering, as well as the proper taxation (http://www.arjel.fr/-Role-et-missions-.html).

Land Based Casinos

There are currently about 200 licensed land-based casinos located throughout France and in overseas territories, with the majority under the control of four large groups: Barriere, Partouche, JOA, and Tranchant. In 2017, the casino gaming revenue in France amounted to EUR 2.31 billion (https://www.statista.com/statistics/545599/casino-gaming-revenue-france/).

Most French casinos are located along the Mediterranean Sea, the Atlantic coast and in Normandy. They are usual in major seaside and tourist resorts. Casinos in France offer classic casino games such as Blackjack, Roulette, and Baccarat. The legal gambling age in French casinos is 18.

There are eight legalized casinos in Paris. Poker is a favorite in France, and Parisian casinos have elegant Poker rooms. They do not offer slots machines. The nearest casino with slots is located in Enghien-les-Bains (11 kilometers outside Paris).

Online Gambling

The online gambling market is competitive and includes three sectors: poker games, horse race, and sports betting. The gross gaming revenue of the French online market in 2018 amounted to EUR 1.205 billion (an increases by over 25% compared to 2017). The number of French players on the sites of online casinos was between 0.3 and 0.5 million. An average player spent EUR 452 gambling online in 2018 (http://www.arjel.fr/IMG/pdf/20190213CP.pdf). Only in the second quarter of 2019, the amount of bets generated in online casinos was over EUR 1 billion (http://www.arjel.fr/IMG/pdf/2019T2.pdf).

The ARJEL bans the websites which offer bets to French players without any authorization and act without any control. The sites approved by the ARJEL offer all guarantees to their players. The List of approved operators is published on the Agency’s website (http://www.arjel.fr/-Liste-des-operateurs-agrees-.html). The ARJEL also offers some recommendations that will help players gamble online safely (http://www.arjel.fr/-Bonnes-pratiques-.html). The categories of events, or games, on which the online gambling operators are authorized to offer bets, can be found on the website, too (http://www.arjel.fr/-Jeux-et-paris-autorises-.html).

French players, for example, can play on fdj.fr (https://www.fdj.fr/). This state-owned company offers various online games and sports bets.

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Casino Partouche Coutainville
Casino Partouche Coutainville
Casino Partouche Coutainville location 1000+ km
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1, Avenue du Président Roosevelt Agon-Coutainville
Hotel
No
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
No
VIP Room
No
Le Pasino d'Aix-en-Provence
Le Pasino d'Aix-en-Provence
Le Pasino d'Aix-en-Provence location 1000+ km
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21 Avenue de l'Europe, 13090 Aix-en-Provence, France
Hotel
No
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
No
VIP Room
No
Casino Miami d'Andernos
Casino Miami d'Andernos
Casino Miami d'Andernos location 1000+ km
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KM4 Avenue of Bordeaux 33510 ANDERNOS LES BAINS
Hotel
No
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
No
VIP Room
No
Casino d'Archanon
Casino d'Archanon
Casino d'Archanon location 1000+ km
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163 Boulevard de la Plage 33120 ARCACHON
Hotel
No
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
No
VIP Room
No
Grand Casino of Annemasse
Grand Casino of Annemasse
Grand Casino of Annemasse location 1000+ km
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2, Av de l'Europe 74100 ANNEMASSE
Hotel
No
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
No
VIP Room
No
Casino Bandol
Casino Bandol
Casino Bandol location 1000+ km
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2, Place Lucien Artaud 83150 BANDOL
Hotel
No
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
Yes
VIP Room
No
Casino de Berck
Casino de Berck
Casino de Berck location 1000+ km
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Place du 18 Juin 62600 BERCK SUR MER
Hotel
No
Restaurant
No
Poker Room
No
VIP Room
No
Casino de Boulogne Sur Mer
Casino de Boulogne Sur Mer
Casino de Boulogne Sur Mer location 1000+ km
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Place de la République 62200 BOULOGNE SUR MER
Hotel
No
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
No
VIP Room
No
Casino Cabourg
Casino Cabourg
Casino Cabourg location 1000+ km
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Promenade Marcel Proust 14390 CABOURG
Hotel
No
Restaurant
No
Poker Room
No
VIP Room
No
Casino de Contrexeville
Casino de Contrexeville
Casino de Contrexeville location 1000+ km
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Parc Thermal - BP 30035 88140 CONTREXEVILLE
Hotel
Yes
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
No
VIP Room
No
3.14 Casino
3.14 Casino
3.14 Casino location 1000+ km
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5 RUE FRANÇOIS EINESY 06400 CANNES
Hotel
No
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
No
VIP Room
No
Casino de Calais
Casino de Calais
Casino de Calais location 1000+ km
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59 rue royale 62100 CALAIS
Hotel
No
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
No
VIP Room
No
Casino de Dieppe
Casino de Dieppe
Casino de Dieppe location 1000+ km
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3 Boulevard de Verdun 76200 DIEPPE
Hotel
Yes
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
No
VIP Room
No
Casino de Divonne
Casino de Divonne
Casino de Divonne location 1000+ km
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Avenue des Thermes 01220 DIVONNE LES BAINS
Hotel
Yes
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
Yes
VIP Room
No
Casino d'Evaux les bains
Casino d'Evaux les bains
Casino d'Evaux les bains location 1000+ km
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7, place saint bonnet 23110 EVAUX LES BAINS
Hotel
Yes
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
No
VIP Room
No
Grand Casino de Forges
Grand Casino de Forges
Grand Casino de Forges location 1000+ km
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Avenue des Sources 76440 FORGES LES EAUX
Hotel
Yes
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
No
VIP Room
No
Casino de Greoux
Casino de Greoux
Casino de Greoux location 1000+ km
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Avenue des Thermes 04800 GREOUX LES BAINS
Hotel
No
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
No
VIP Room
No
Casino d'Hyeres les Palmiers
Casino d'Hyeres les Palmiers
Casino d'Hyeres les Palmiers location 1000+ km
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1 Avenue Ambroise Thomas 83400 HYERES
Hotel
Yes
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
No
VIP Room
No
Casino de Juan-les-Pins
Casino de Juan-les-Pins
Casino de Juan-les-Pins location 1000+ km
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3 Avenue Guy de Maupassant 06160 JUAN LES PINS
Hotel
No
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
No
VIP Room
No
Casino Pleinair de La Ciotat
Casino Pleinair de La Ciotat
Casino Pleinair de La Ciotat location 1000+ km
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40, avenue du Parc - Avenue Guillaume Dulac 13600 LA CIOTAT
Hotel
No
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
No
VIP Room
No
Pasino de la Grande Motte
Pasino de la Grande Motte
Pasino de la Grande Motte location 1000+ km
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335 allée des parcs 34280 LA GRANDE MOTTE
Hotel
No
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
Yes
VIP Room
No
Casino La Roche-Posay
Casino La Roche-Posay
Casino La Roche-Posay location 1000+ km
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Av. Georges Deloffre 86270 LA ROCHE POSAY
Hotel
No
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
No
VIP Room
No
Casino La Tremblade
Casino La Tremblade
Casino La Tremblade location 1000+ km
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17390 LA TREMBLADE / RONCE LES BAINS
Hotel
No
Restaurant
No
Poker Room
No
VIP Room
No
Pasino Le Havre
Pasino Le Havre
Pasino Le Havre location 1000+ km
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PLACE JULES FERRY 76600 LE HAVRE
Hotel
Yes
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
Yes
VIP Room
No
Casino Le Touquet
Casino Le Touquet
Casino Le Touquet location 1000+ km
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Place de l'Hermitage, 62520 Le Touquet-Paris-Plage, France
Hotel
No
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
No
VIP Room
No
Casino le Lyon Vert
Casino le Lyon Vert
Casino le Lyon Vert location 1000+ km
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200, Av du Casino 69890 LA TOUR DE SALVAGNY
Hotel
Yes
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
No
VIP Room
No
Grand Casino de Lyon
Grand Casino de Lyon
Grand Casino de Lyon location 1000+ km
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70 Quai Charles de Gaulle 69006 LYON
Hotel
No
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
Yes
VIP Room
No
Casino Nice Palais de la Mediterranee
Casino Nice Palais de la Mediterranee
Casino Nice Palais de la Mediterranee location 1000+ km
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15, Promenades des Anglais 06003 NICE
Hotel
No
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
No
VIP Room
No
Casino Palavas
Casino Palavas
Casino Palavas location 1000+ km
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1 Boulevard Maréchal Foch 34250 PALAVAS LES FLOTS
Hotel
No
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
No
VIP Room
No
Casino du Val-Andre
Casino du Val-Andre
Casino du Val-Andre location 1000+ km
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1 Cours Winston Churchill 22370 PLENEUF VAL ANDRE
Hotel
No
Restaurant
Yes
Poker Room
No
VIP Room
No
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